Instrumenta Curationis Morborum Deprompta ex Pharmacia Galenica & Chimica, Chirurgia et Dieta, 1686 (2d ed.)

Instrumenta Curationis Morborum Deprompta ex Pharmacia Galenica & Chimica, Chirurgia et Dieta, 1686 (2d ed.)

     

   

     

Tencke, Jerome (? – 1687).  (1643-1724)

Jerome Tencke was born in Martignes, Provence, but the year of his birth is not certain.  Very little is known about his early life except that he obtained his first degree in Aix a Provance and a doctoral degree in 1662 from the University of Montpellier. Six years later, he is the chair and professor of medicine at the University of Montpellier. As a royal physician, he was a leading figure in the development of medicine and pharmacology in the 17th century.

Tencke wrote an important medical and pharmacological text: Instrumenta curationis morborum deprompta ex pharmacia galenica & chymica, chyrurgia & diaeta, a comprehensive study on the medical, surgical, dietary, and lifestyle aspects of preventing and treating diseases. This is a second edition of the popular 17th-century text. The book is divided into two main sections: the study of diseases and the second dedicated to treatments either through surgery, medications, or diet. It was one of the first books to provide a systematic approach to diagnosing and treating diseases.  Tencke compiled a review of the classic works of Hippocrates, Dioscorides, and Galen. Tencke was an early enthusiast of the nascent field of chemistry, including treatment with herbal remedies such as tinctures, teas, and decoctions; mineral preparations, metals, and salts; and physical remedies such as cupping, poultices, and fomentations. For example, he recommended honey-sweetened tea made of one ounce each of dried chamomile flowers and peppermint leaves three times a day for upset stomach. For fever, he suggested cloves, cinnamon, nutmeg, and mace (1:2:1:2 ratio) in white wine twice a day.

Based on research done by Gaoan Sheng, class of 2026, as part of their assignment in Elective in History of Medicine and Dentistry, 2022-2023. Edited by Andrew I Spielman.

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Instrumenta Curationis Morborum Deprompta ex Pharmacia Galenica & Chimica, Chirurgia et Dieta, 1686 (2d ed.) >>>