De febribus petechialibus tractatus curiosus duabus sectionibus comprehensus
Study on the Exanthematous Fever (Typhus)

Matthias Tiling

     

Matthias Tiling

(1634-1685)

Matthias Tiling was a German physician. He was born in Groningen in 1634. At age 29 he received his medical degree from University of Wittenberg. He practiced medicine in
Emden and Bremen and was appointed full professor in Rinteln, Germany, just south west of Hanover. In 1574 he was elected into the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina.

The current work of Tiling is not well known. He makes an early and careful description of Exanthematous Fever (“Hungarian Disease”) or Typhus. The Heirs of Hippocrates (p.186, Friends of University of Iowa, 1980), incorrectly attributes this study to an early description of cerebrospinal meningitis caused by Neisseria meningitidis. On page 34, Chapter 4 in the Latin text, Tilling makes the following description of the disease comparing to other eruptive, contagious diseases: sic alia febris maligna et contagiosa est, que cum variolis et morbilis conjungitur; alia, quae Morbus Ungaricus dicitur; alia, quae interdum cephalalgiam, tussim, catarrhum, pleuritidem, peripneumoniam, erysipelas, anginam…” “like smallpox, measles, typhus, with intermittent headache, cough, pleural and pulmonary inflammation, skin rash and pain.” Cerebrospinal meningitis does not have these symptoms.

Editorial note: Andrew I Spielman

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Study on the Exanthematous Fever (Typhus) >>>